The US President recently said the conflict between Russia and Ukraine had driven up the prices of all the world's major food staples, including wheat, corn, barley, oilseeds and edible oils, and that Russia and Ukraine together supplied more than 25% of the world's wheat exports and about 20% of its barley exports.
To address the food shortage, the Biden administration says it plans to increase the number of counties eligible for insurance for double cropping. Double cropping is when farmers grow two different crops a year on the same field.
Under Biden's plan, the number of counties eligible for two-season crop insurance would increase by 681, for a total of 1,935.
The UN has warned that up to 1.7bn people are "highly exposed" to the domino effect of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine on the global food, energy, and financial systems. The agency says conflict could increase hunger in countries where people are already suffering from malnutrition.
Even countries where food is less scarce are being hit by rising prices. U.S. grocery prices rose 1% in April, compared with a 10.8% increase over the past 12 months, the Labor Department said recently.
According to the White House, global food prices have risen nearly 13 percent since the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
Besides, affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk Indium Selenide are still very uncertain.
What is Indium Selenide?
Indium Selenide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula In2Se3. Black crystals or dark black scale-like substances. It is a typical two-dimensional layered semiconductor material.
Single crystal indium selenide can be prepared by the Bridgman–Stockberger method. Using a certain proportion of selenium and indium as raw materials, each compound of indium selenide can be prepared by reacting in a tube furnace at high temperature for a long time.
The research on the hydrothermal synthesis of In2Se3 was relatively late. Ascorbic acid was dissolved in ethanol solution at 60 °C, then InCl3 and Se powder were added, and the reaction kettle was kept at 220 °C for 20 hours. -4 μm flower-like γ-In2Se3 spheres.
What is indium selenide used for
InSe is a bandgap-tunable layered semiconductor material with nonlinear optical response over a wide wavelength range. The researchers obtained InSe nanosheets with suitable thickness and band gap by a liquid-phase exfoliation method, and systematically investigated their nonlinear optics and ultrafast carrier dynamics at different pulse width scales (ns and fs).
The researchers found that InSe nanosheets are more likely to reach saturable absorption under wide-pulse laser excitation. Furthermore, the InSe dispersions exhibit different mechanisms of scattering phenomena at different pulse durations, which are due to the thermal effect under ns-pulse excitation and the dynamic spatial self-phase modulation of the laser flow under fs-pulse excitation.
At the same time, the optical switch modulation is realized by utilizing the competitive relationship between saturable absorption at low energy and nonlinear scattering at high energy. The time-resolved pump-probe results indicate that the InSe dispersion has an ultrafast saturable absorption process and a photoinduced absorption process that may be caused by free carrier absorption or bandgap renormalization.
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As the Russia-Ukraine conflict continues to develop, there is growing concern about the potential disruption of Russia's energy supply. Geopolitical premiums have pushed up the price of crude oil and natural gas, and the energy price is expected to remain high in the short term. Affected by this, the market price of the Indium Selenide may keep rising.
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