Key Parameters of Inconel: Study of the Effect on Inconel 719 During Laser Powder Bed Melting Process

Trunnano 3D Printing

Inconel includes a family of nickel alloys manufactured by Specialty Metals, with Inconel 718 being a speciality alloy in this family. Inconel 718 is a “high-temperature alloy” due to its mechanical properties. It has shown a latent capacity for applications in areas such as gas turbines, coverings, and even aerospace; however, according to the authors, it leaves room for improvement because it has high shear strength. This material also has poor thermal conductivity and low material removal rates. These challenges mean affordability, as well as energy use, can become an issue.

(Inconel 718 powder)

Inconel 718 is composed of a variety of alloy components, primarily nickel, chromium and iron. There are approximately 110 parameters that affect L-PBF as a whole, so they need to be classified in different ways. The laser beam and material interaction model defines these parameters regarding position and interaction.

(Inconel 718 powder)

“The main input parameters for manufacturing Inconel 718 with L-PBF directly impact the melt pool properties. Suppose the melt pool loses stability and starts boiling and spattering. In that case, different types of defects will start to appear, such as globules and pore formation,” the authors concluded that he focused on volumetric energy density, VED, which combines calculations with scan speed, laser power, hatch spacing and layer thickness.

(Inconel 718 powder)

“Large VED values (high laser power, low scanning speed) will cause pores to form into the previously molten layer and cause hot metal particles to spatter. This mode of laser beam interaction with the material is the keyhole effect mode. When using low At VED values, a lack of fusion interaction mode occurs. No bonds are formed between the molten layers in this mode because the molten pool is too small. Furthermore, since all the powder does not melt, some unmelted powder will be trapped between the layers. Because there are 37 defects, the lack of fusion can lead to significant loss of tensile properties, high porosity and surface roughness.

Materials science is critical to improving 3D printing, and researchers worldwide are heavily involved in research, development and experimentation, from new developments in Inconel to support removal for metal printing and the production of other high-temperature alloys.


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